House of Moran
Kenneth’s coming to the throne was not without dispute. Kenneth being the child of the marriage of a Queen regnant (then largely unheard of, for a Queen to rule) and a clan chief, there were others who believed they had better claim to the throne than he. Among them was King Richard IV of Chelta. In 1369 Richard IV invaded the Harrowlands and defeated Kenneth I at the Battle of Sudmere. While Kenneth was defeated, he was not formally deposed, and Richard did not formally claim or seize the throne – he merely asserted his rule. This was the beginning of the War of Kings.
The next year, Kenneth, with aid from loyal barons and earls – in particular the Earls of Epping and Dunharrow – as well as the majority of the Erse (Gwynnic) clans, led a campaign to resist the Cheltish occupation in Harrow. Their combined forces were defeated by Richard, however, at the Battle of Colling Wood. Kenneth and his loyal supporters spent many years in exile in Hibernia after that, although this provided him the protection of the friendly Hibernian High King, and allowed Kenneth to plot and plan his next attempt to take back the throne on the condition that he give back the land Harrow owned in the north of Hibernia upon his succession. It was not until 1381 that a force was raised to fight Richard IV back. Kenneth then successfully defeated Cheltish forces with a joint Harrovian and Hibernian force. Soon after that, Richard came up to the Harrowlands in person to fight Kenneth, but was defeated. Richard was taken captive at first, and his wife Queen Mary was made to pay ransom for Richard’s safe return. The Harrowlands again asserted its sovereignty and Kenneth I took to the throne as the rightful King of Harrow.
Kenneth II restored the peace between Chelta and the Harrowlands upon his coming to the throne, and as promised, gave back the northern Hibernian dominions owned by Harrow. One year afterwards, John IV ascended to the throne of Cheltish, the great-grandson of Richard IV. John IV was sympathetic to the Harrowlands earlier fight for sovereignty, and granted Kenneth's son and heir (also called Kenneth) with lands in Chelta as the Earl of Glamorgan.
Much of the remaining 15th century in the Harrowlands was characterised by the Clan Wars, which lasted from about 1403-1456. The highly ruthless clan rivalries that existed in Gwynnic society bred the wars, triggered when the Clan Moran became confirmed as the reigning royal house. The civil wars took place in the northern and western highlands between the most powerful Gwynnic Clans, notably the Moran-allied Clans MacLeod, MacIntyre, Hamilton, Kinnaird and Gunn against the Moran-rivalled Clans Gray, Kincaid, Kelly and MacDougall . The Moran kings themselves usually did not become involved in the wars, but the clan itself in the highlands fought for the king.
The fights greatly disrupted life in the highlands, even for the non-Gwynnic population, and their influence was felt even in the lowlands. The Duke of Pencarden joined the Moran-opposed clans in 1436, and came to lead the anti-Moran Clans in 1439. King James I was forced to personally go to battle when the fight was brought dangerously close to Roedean under Pencarden. Pencarden was slain in at the Battle of Carden Hill by William MacEwan of MacEwan, who was later rewarded with an earldom. However, James himself was slain by Lachlan MacDougall of MacDougall in 1451, succeeded by his son King Richard III. Richard was less lenient than earlier Moran kings, and was more ruthless in the Clan Wars. He eventually succeeded in annihilating the anti-Moran threat in 1456 with the allied clans as well as with backing from powerful aristocratic families such as the Duke of Midsomer.
While Richard III was initially praised for bringing an end to the Clan Wars, he proved to be a selfish and contemptible ruler, having successfully imposed heavy taxes against the will of the althung, effectively seized several barons’ estates and persuaded the Pope to annull the Statute of Highmede and Treaty of Carrick in order to dissolve the power of Parliament and consolidate the royal power. War erupted once again with the Third Barons’ Revolt in 1476, led by the Earl of Westmorland. Richard was defeated by Westmorland at the Battle of Wigton, and was formally deposed in Parliament and replaced by his uncle William, Duke of Atholl, who relaxed the taxes and reaffirmed the annulled charters.